The inability to control these pleasures, Freud claims, will certainly take their toll on the individual during the latter stages in life. On the other hand, Carl Rogers proposed that understanding human personalities and relationships require an approach that focuses on the individual rather than on the external environment that are presumed to influence people’s behaviors.
He formulated a person-centered theory that is founded on at least nineteen propositions, all of which are tied to the general notion of treating the individual as the foundation of any inquiry into human personalities and relationships. His concept of a person who is able to function fully departs from other ideas in the sense that he does not discount the idea that even those things which we perceive as destructive can also contribute to the growth of the person.
Finally, Carl Gustav Jung championed the idea that spirituality is an integral part of human development, even taking an important role in his concepts of therapy in curing an individual from both physical and emotional difficulties. He also focused on the concepts of the “archetype” as well as the anima and the animus, quite apart from his elaborate discussions on the concept of the “collective unconscious” and the “complex”. Moreover, he also espoused the concept of “individuation” as a way for an individual to realize his fullest potentials.